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NCD: Non Convertible Debentures & Bonds In India

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equity shares

Better convertible debentures meaningSecured NCDs provide a higher NCD interest rate to their investors. Only companies with a good credit rating can issue secured NCDs. NCD investment can be held by individuals, banking companies, primary dealers other corporate bodies registered or incorporated in India and unincorporated bodies.


A non-convertible debenture does not entitle a holder to convert his or her debentures into an equity share. This debt instrument has a higher interest rate than its regular counterparts. However, it is impossible for all the prevalent companies who have just set up their business recently. A) the consent of the shareholders is to be obtained only for the purposes of fixing the price of conversion and not for the pre-poning and postponing the timing of the conversion approved by CCI. The conversion price shall be reasonable and the conversion price shall not exceed the face value of that part of the convertible debenture which is sought to be converted. Provided that if for any reasons the company fails to create security within 12 months from the date of issue of debentures the company shall be liable to pay 2% penal interest to debenture holders.

Debentures are riskier than bonds since they are not backed by collateral. Thus, investors must choose the company based on its creditworthiness and track record. DRR shall be treated as a part of General Reserve for consideration of bonus issue proposals and for price fixation related to post tax return.

Are there any tax advantages to buying NCDs?

Let us look at the points of differentiation between convertible and non-convertible debentures. Investors receive a fixed-rate and also have the option to partake in stock price appraisal. Efiling Income Tax Returns is made easy with ClearTax platform.

So most companies pay back the money raised from issuing debentures in one way or another. This is the part that is unique to this type of debentures, i.e., the manner of its redemption. Convertible bonds are bonds that are redeemed by converting it into some other form of financial asset such as shares. This means that on the date of redemption the debenture holder will be issued shares or any other financial instrument to the tune of the value of the debentures. It is not necessary that debentures and shares have the same parity value.



Posted: Thu, 04 May 2023 12:42:16 GMT [source]

The option is exercised by the issuer when interest rates decline and capital requirement can be met at lower cost. The company can also agree to redeem its debentures through installments, which must be paid in line with the agreement at the time of issuance. Certain companies explore this option because they are relieved of the burden of raising ad hoc funds at the time of maturity of debentures.

Preferred And Ordinary Debentures

Bonds are a form of fixed-income securities that companies or governments issue to raise capital. However, bonds might have the option to be converted into equity, while NCDs can’t be converted into equities. Seek out long-term capital appreciation rather than short-term gains from investing in non-convertible debentures. This means buying them when prices are low, so they can appreciate over time rather than purchasing them when they are high with hopes of selling them later at even higher prices.

NFI Announces First Quarter 2023 Results – GlobeNewswire

NFI Announces First Quarter 2023 Results.

Posted: Thu, 04 May 2023 11:00:00 GMT [source]

Symbols AAA Instruments with this rating are considered to have the highest degree of safety regarding timely servicing of financial obligations. AA Instruments with this rating are considered to have high degree of safety regarding timely servicing of financial obligations. A Instruments with this rating are considered to have adequate degree of safety regarding timely servicing of financial obligations. BBB Instruments with this rating are considered to have moderate degree of safety regarding timely servicing of financial obligations. BB Instruments with this rating are considered to have moderate risk of default regarding timely servicing of financial obligations.

Convertible to preferred stock:

Convertible debenture holders are paid before other stockholders in the event of liquidation of the company. Coupon payment –Its value depends on an issuer’s credit quality and prevailing interest rates. The break-even analysis proves useful in comparing coupon payouts against dividend yields of common shares. These are other prominent features of convertible debentures.



Posted: Thu, 04 May 2023 22:00:00 GMT [source]

A credit rating also signifies the likelihood a debtor will default. It is also representative of the credit risk carried by a bond. A credit rating is, however, not an assurance or guarantee of a kind of financial performance by a certain instrument of debt or a specific debtor.

Issuance and Trading of NCD investment is in the demat form only. Another is a trustee, through which a company communicates with a holder. The company draws an agreement between a holder and trustee. This is known as a ‘Trust Deed’, which specifies obligations of a company, holder’s rights and other necessary details.

If NCD interest rates go down, and the company can get funds at lower rates from the market, it can exercise the call option to give the money back and can raise money from the market at lower rates. This implies that there are no fixed or floating charges against an issuing company’s assets. A debenture is a debt instrument that specifies the maturity of the repayment tenure within which an issuing company needs to repay the interest and principal amount to the investor.

For firms looking to raise capital, issuing convertible bonds allows them to raise capital at a lower cost than what traditional bonds would have cost them. This is due to the nature of the bonds allowing them to be converted to stock or cash at certain points in times. Debentures are a debt instrument that are offered by firms in order to fund their business and are a form of unsecured debt. Meaning, unlike bonds, debentures are not backed by any physical asset of the firm and are issued solely on the creditworthiness of the issuer. Meaning, if the company were not able to repay their debt, there would be no physical asset that the lender could demand be liquidated in order for them to be paid back.

The conversion price depends on factors like – current book value, market price, anticipated appraisal in equity share value, etc. Higher conversion prices lead to lower addition to the capital base. A convertible debenture is a kind of long-term debt which can be transformed into stock after a specific period of time. A convertible debenture is usually an unsecured bond or a loan as in there is no primary collateral interlinked to the debt.

The Stock Exchange, Mumbai is not answerable, responsible or liable for any information on this Website or for any services rendered by our employees, our servants, and us. Below accounts are used for other internal purposes and should not be used to transfer money to Upstox. The NCDs will be subject to LTCG at a rate of 20% with indexation if sold after a year or before maturity.

They offer higher interest, minimal risk, liquidity, and tax advantage to investors compared to convertible debentures. It must be noted that convertible debentures yield a lower interest when compared to pure debt instruments. Such debentures can be exchanged for stocks at specific times; in turn, enabling bondholders to offset at least some risks involved with putting money in them. A company issues debentures to raise capital from the public as a loan. A company can issue any type of debenture based on its requirement.

There are several factors that determine the conversion price. Some of them are the current book value, market price, expected appreciation in the value of equity shares, etc. Thus, the company should not set the conversion price too low or too high. They should set at a level so that the investors gain immediately from the conversion privilege. A convertible debenture provides regular interest income through coupon payments and repayment of principal amount on maturity. The decision to convert these debentures into equity shares lies with the holder as they are the creditors of the company.

No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorise your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor’s account. However, investment in debentures can offer comparatively higher returns to investors than bonds. After weighing both the pros and cons of the two, it’s up to you to decide whether you want to invest in bonds or debentures based on your investment objectives.

The interest payment is a financial burden on a company because it must pay the interest dues to the debenture holders even if it faces monetary loss. These types of debentures are secured against a company’s assets. This implies that if the company fails to repay debt due to insufficient funds, it will have to sell its mortgaged assets to repay the dues. There may be a fixed charge against particular assets or floating against all a company’s assets. A credit rating is an opinion of a particular credit agency regarding the ability and willingness an entity to fulfill its financial obligations in completeness and within the established due dates.

  • However with convertible debentures, some lenders might opt to trade their debentures for stake in the company, meaning that the company does not have to make cash payments to this lender.
  • Provided that if the existing trust deed or the security documents provide for continuance of the security till redemption of debentures fresh security may not be created.
  • The interest coverage ratio is the ability of the company to service its debt obligations.
  • For firms looking to raise capital, issuing convertible bonds allows them to raise capital at a lower cost than what traditional bonds would have cost them.

It has a long-term AA+/Negative credit rating by Brickwork and an AA/Stable rating by CRISIL. Convertible debentures are a type of debentures that can be converted into equity shares of the company. Convertible DebenturesNon-convertible DebenturesMeaningTypes of debentures that can convert into shares of the company are convertible debentures. These debentures are classified into types based on redeemability, convertibility, and transferability.


These are not Exchange traded products, and the Member is just acting as distributor. All disputes with respect to the distribution activity, would not have access to Exchange investor redressal forum or Arbitration mechanism. You must check with your tax advisor before investing in any NCD. The two main categories of NCDs are secured and unsecured. Since they have to be paid no matter what, it can force a company into insolvency as well. Any Grievances related the aforesaid brokerage scheme will not be entertained on exchange platform.

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